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Η Κλίση των Ουδετέρων
The Declension of the Neuter

Lesson 16 - Greek Grammar

  This is the final lesson on the declension of nouns. The tables below will show you the declension of the final gender, the Neuter.

Attention
Again, keep in mind that a neuter noun will always be a neuter noun. It will not change to a masculine or feminine as you decline it. Learn the endings of each category well and you'll know how to decline almost all the neuter nouns!

Table 16
Endings - οι Καταλήξεις*
-ο -ι -μα -ος* -ας -α
Table 16.1
Singular number - Ενικός αριθμός
Cases Article
Nominative το -ο -ι -μα -ος -ας -α
Possessive του -ου -ιου -ματος -ους -ατος -ατος
Accusative το -ο -ι -μα -ος -ας -α
Vocative --- -ο -ι -μα -ος -ας -α
Plural number - Πληθυντικός αριθμός
Nominative τα -α -ια -ματα -η -ατα -ατα
Possessive των -ων -ιων -ματων -ων -ατων -ατων
Accusative τα -α -ια -ματα -η -ατα -ατα
Vocative --- -α -ια -ματα -η -ατα -ατα

   *The Neuter that end in -ος are declined in the singular, almost the same as the feminine that end in -ος.


 Let's now decline some neuters with different endings.

Table 16.2
Singular number - Ενικός αριθμός
Nominative το μάθη-μα (lesson) παιδί (child) δάσος (forest)
Possessive του μαθήματος παιδιού δάσους
Accusative το μάθη-μα παιδί δάσος
Vocative --- μάθη-μα παιδί δάσος
Plural number - Πληθυντικός αριθμός
Nominative τα μαθήματα παιδιά δάση
Possessive των μαθημάτων παιδιών δασών
Accusative τα μαθήματα παιδιά δάση
Vocative --- μαθήματα παιδιά δάση


  Examples of declension of the neuters that end in -ας are below. Also, there are some neuters that end in -ως, and some in . The ones that end in -α, are declined almost the same, as the ones that end in -μα.
   Other neuters end in -σιμο, -ψιμο, -ξιμο. These endings called derivative endings. The nouns derive from other type of words. example from the verb "δένω (tie)", derives the noun "το δέσιμο (tying, binding)".
The table below shows some of these neuters:

Table 16.3
Singular number - Ενικός αριθμός
Nominative το τέρ-ας
(monster)
γάλ-α
(milk)
φ-ως
(light)
δέ-σιμο
(tying)
Possessive του τέρ-ατος γάλ-ατος φ-ωτός δε-σίματος
Accusative το τέρ-ας γάλ-α φ-ως δέ-σιμο
Vocative --- τέρ-ας γάλ-α φ-ως δέ-σιμο
Plural number - Πληθυντικός αριθμός
Nominative τα τέρ-ατα γάλ-ατα φ-ώτα δε-σίματα
Possessive των τερ-άτων γαλ-άτων φ-ώτων δε-σιμάτων
Accusative τα τέρ-ατα γάλ-ατα φ-ώτα δε-σίματα
Vocative --- τέρ-ατα γάλ-ατα φ-ώτα δε-σίματα


   Here are some examples of neuter nouns in sentences.

Table 16.4




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