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Articles and Genders-Summary

Lesson 9 - Greek Grammar

  Now that we've been through articles and genders, let's try to put everything together.
  A noun or an adjective, always takes an article in front of it.
Most of the time, you know the article that you'll put in front of a word, by looking at the ending of the word. Exactly as I showed you in Lesson 8 (part 1 and part 2). Just study and learn  table 8.1 and table 8.2 and you'll do fine!

  Of course there are exceptions to these rules, but we'll check these in more advanced lessons.
   Now you probably noticed that the ending "-ος" is an ending for all the genders. That's another little problem. Know that most of the words that end in "-ος" are masculine, so they will take the article "o". You'll learn the exceptions with the experience that will come while you are reading or studying a dictionary.
Let's look at some examples (click on the Greek words to hear the sound):

Table 9.1
The word "παιδί" (child, kid) ends in "-ι", therefore it is neuter, and will take in front of it the article "το". So it is " το παιδί". In the plural it becomes "τα παιδιά".


Table 9.2
The word "πατέρας" (father) ends in "-ας", therefore it is  masculine, and will take in front of it the article "ο". So it is "ο πατέρας". In the plural it becomes " οι πατεράδες".


Table 9.3
The word "αδελφός" (brother) ends in "-ος", therefore it is  masculine, and will take in front of it the article "ο". So it is
 "ο αδελφός". In the plural it becomes "οι αδελφοί"
Remember most of the words that end in "-ος" are masculine.


Table 9.4
The word "καρέκλα" (chair) ends in "-α", therefore it is feminine, and will take in front of it the article "η". So it is "η καρέκλα". In the plural it becomes "οι καρέκλες"


Table 9.5
The word "μάθημα" (lesson) end in "-μα", therefore it is neuter, and will take in front of it the article "το". So it is "το μάθημα". In the plural it becomes "τα μαθήματα"




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